铁素体不锈钢在高温尿素环境中的腐蚀行为研究-防腐保温,桥梁防腐,线塔防腐,铁塔防腐,高空防腐,钢结构防腐,钢结构防火,管道防腐,管道保温,储罐防腐,储罐清洗,3pe防腐钢管,防腐公司-防腐保温,防腐工程,3pe防腐钢管,线塔防腐,桥梁防腐,储罐防腐,防腐钢管,tpep防腐钢管,防腐钢管,宝博体育手机登陆主页有限公司

铁素体不锈钢在高温尿素环境中的腐蚀行为研究

2021-05-07 05:28:52 hualin

摘要


对三种商用车排气系统用铁素体不锈钢(436L、439M、441)进行了尿素结晶腐蚀试验,以模拟铁素体不锈钢在商用车排气系统内选择性催化还原器(SCR)中的渗氮腐蚀行为。探究了合金成分及夹杂物对不锈钢耐高温尿素腐蚀的影响,并依据EDS表征结果阐释了材料内部腐蚀的渗氮机理。研究表明,在高温热震疲劳和氧化的协同作用下,高温高氮的环境导致铁素体不锈钢晶界及晶内局部区域快速析出氮化铬颗粒,造成晶界及基体局部区域贫铬。由于436L和441不锈钢含有较高的Mo和Nb,其耐高温尿素腐蚀能力显著优于439M。此外,由于436L和441不锈钢中夹杂物细小弥散,也降低了氮化铬在夹杂物的形核析出几率,成为提高抗高温尿素腐蚀的另一个因素。

关键词: 材料失效与保护 ; 高温尿素腐蚀 ; 晶间腐蚀 ; X射线能谱分析 ; 铁素体不锈钢 ; 渗氮机理 ; 夹杂物

Abstract

In order to simulate the nitriding corrosion behavior of ferritic stainless steels in selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system of commercial vehicle, urea corrosion tests were carried out on three ferritic stainless steels (436L, 439M and 441) used in exhaust system of commercial vehicles. The influences of alloy composition and inclusions on high temperature urea corrosion resistance of ferritic stainless steels were investigated. The results show that under the synergistic effect of high temperature fatigue and oxidation, the high temperature and high nitrogen environment results in the rapid precipitation of chromium nitride particles at grain boundaris and in the local area of the ferritic stainless steels, resulting in chromium depletion. As 436L and 441 ferritic stainless steels contain higher Nb and Mo, thy present significantly higher resistance to high temperature urea corrosion rather than 439M. Moreover, due to the fine dispersion of inclusions in 436L and 441 stainless steels, the probability of nucleation and precipitation of chromium nitride on inclusions is also reduced, which is another cause for improving the resistance to high temperature urea corrosion of the relevant steels.

Keywords: materials failure and protection ; high temperature urea corrosion ; intergranular corrosion ; EDS ; ferritic stainless steels ; nitriding mechanism ; inclusion
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